Detection of the gltA gene of B. clarridgeiae, B. elizabethae, B. grahamii, B. henselae, B. koehlerae, B. quintana, B. volans and B. washoensis.
Background: Bartonella species are Gram-negative, fastidious bacteria. In addition to dogs and cats, numerous domestic and wild animals, including bovine, canine, and rodent species as well as humans can serve as a reservoir host for various Bartonella species. Cats may harbor B. henselae, B. clarridgeiae and rarely other Bartonella species. Dogs may carry Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii, Bartonella henselae and others. Humans can be a reservoir or an incidental host for B. bacilliformis, B. clarridgeiae, B. elizabethae, B. grahamii, B. henselae, B. koehlerae, B. quintana, B. rochalimae, B. vinsonii and B. washoensis. Bartonella bacilliformis causes Carrion's disease (Oroya fever and Verruga peruana). Bartonella henselae, which frequently causes chronic bacteremia in cats, is the most common etiologic agent of cat scratch disease. It can also cause bacillary angiomatosis, peliosis hepatitis, and sometimes endocarditis in immunocompromised human patients. Bartonella clarridgeiae can cause chronic bacteremia in cats and has been associated with cat scratch disease in humans. Bartonella quintana is the etiologic agent of trench fever and has also been associated with bacteremia, endocarditis, and bacillary angiomatosis. The other Bartonella species infecting humans have mainly been implicated in endocarditis and neuroretinitis.
Description: BactoReal® Kit Bartonella spp. uses real-time PCR for the detection of the gltA gene of Bartonella species. This kit is specific for B. clarridgeiae, B. elizabethae, B. grahamii, B. henselae, B. koehlerae, B. quintana, B. volans and B. washoensis. Bartonella rochalimae, B. vinsonii and B. bovis are detected with very low sensitivity. Bartonella bacilliformis is not detected. The kit consists of an assay mix for the detection of the pathogen as well as a positive control and an internal positive control (IPC). To minimize PCR cross-contamination, the reaction mix included contains dUTP and uracil-N glycosylase (UNG).
- Amplification and detection: gltA gene of Bartonella spp.
- Real-time PCR with rapid hot-start Taq DNA polymerase
- ROX™ dye as passive reference
- Internal Positive Control System to exclude false-negative results
- Optimized to handle PCR inhibitors
- PCR- platforms: runs on all established standard real-time PCR- platforms
- Harmonized thermal profiles to run RNA and DNA samples simultaneously
- Available formats: Kit (with reaction mix) or assay-only